Polaris Report Offers In-depth Look at Modern Slavery

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Polaris Report Offers In-depth Look at Modern Slavery

By Laura Carson Miller

The business of human trafficking is, unfortunately, alive and well in the United States of America.

It is important that we as citizens understand where and how this is happening in various enterprises operating openly in our midst.

Polaris, a leader in the global fight to eradicate modern slavery and help survivors restore their freedom, released a new report today, The Typology of Modern Slavery, that breaks down instances of sex and labor trafficking into 25 distinct categories, detailing the unique trafficker profile, recruitment tactics, victim profile, and method of control for each different subset of modern slavery.

The report, which is based off the largest data set on human trafficking ever publicly compiled and analyzed in the United States, restructures previously conceived frameworks around sex and labor trafficking, offering a new, more effective look at the causes and potential solutions to modern slavery in the U.S.

In The Typology of Modern Slavery, Polaris’s research team proposes a classification system that identifies 25 distinct types of human trafficking in the United States, including:

  1. Escort Services
  2. Illicit Massage, Health, and Beauty
  3. Outdoor Solicitation
  4. Residential
  5. Domestic Work
  6. Bars, Strip Clubs, and Cantinas
  7. Pornography
  8. Traveling Sales Crews
  9. Restaurants and Food Service
  10. Peddling and Begging
  11. Agriculture and Animal Husbandry
  12. Personal Sexual Servitude
  13. Health and Beauty Services
  14. Construction
  15. Hotels and Hospitality
  16. Landscaping
  17. Illicit Activities
  18. Arts and Entertainment
  19. Commercial Cleaning Services
  20. Factories and Manufacturing
  21. Remote Interactive Sexual Acts
  22. Carnivals
  23. Forestry and Logging
  24. Health Care
  25. Recreational Facilities

“One of the primary challenges to ending modern slavery has been the lack of data to understand the problem,” said Bradley Myles, CEO of Polaris. “The Typology of Modern Slavery offers a new map to understand how human trafficking manifests throughout the country.”

“These are the tools that survivors and advocates need to revolutionize a movement and put an end to modern slavery,” said Rebecca Bender, survivor advocate and CEO/Founder of the Rebecca Bender Initiative. “With a better understanding, we will have a better chance to help people fight these systems of control and oppression.”

“Polaris analyzed more than 32,000 cases of human trafficking to develop a classification system that identifies 25 types of modern slavery,” said Jennifer Penrose, Data Analysis Director at Polaris. “From escort services to traveling sales crews, the ways humans are exploited differ greatly, as do ways to combat the problem.”

The report relies on data gathered from Polaris-operated hotlines between December 2007 and December 2016. During that time period, Polaris received reports of 32,208 cases of potential human trafficking and 10,085 potential cases of labor exploitation. The Typology report offers the next step in creating a world without slavery.

Funding for the Typology report was provided through a grant from Google, a longtime partner to Polaris and supporter of anti-human trafficking work throughout the world. On Monday, Polaris was awarded the 2017 Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship from the Skoll Foundation, which recognizes organizations that disrupt the status quo, drive sustainable large-scale change, and are poised to create an even greater impact in the world.

VIEW THE REPORT HERE: www.polarisproject.org/typology

People can receive help or report a tip of suspected human trafficking in the United States by calling the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 1-888-373-7888 or by sending a text to Polaris at “BeFree” (233733).